Leave a Reply … The researchers say that deforestation has the potential to increase these emissions. Alan said President Joko Widodo had ordered the fisheries ministry to map out the idle or abandoned shrimp farms across the country that would be feasible for revival. Mangroves provide support to a wide range of neighboring ecosystems, including coral reefs, seagrass beds, mud flats and sand flats (UNEP, 2014). Mangrove deforestation in Indonesia results in a loss of 190 million metric tonnes of CO2 annually. Indonesia’s vast mangroves are a treasure worth saving. CIFOR is a CGIAR Research Center, and leads the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA). Tweet. This is one third of global coastal carbon stocks (Pendleton et al., 2012). August 3, 2015 SizeOfBelgium Leave a comment. Some shrimp farmers continue to work at Bumi Dipasena, but profits are narrow. Indonesia has the fastest rate of mangrove destruction in the world – 40 percent of its mangroves have been lost in the last thirty years. During low tide, the ground is a layer of dense mud, with … The Conversation. Indonesia’s mangrove forests contain more than five times as much mean carbon per hectare as its upland tropical forests (Murdiyarso et al., 2015). Indonesia’s mangroves store 3.14 billion tonnes of carbon — the highest in the world. Indonesia has the largest area and the highest tree species richness but also one of the highest loss rates of mangroves worldwide. Ministry of Environment Republic of Indonesia. (2015). Socio-institutional dynamics and the political ecology of mangrove forest conservation in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Gross mangrove deforestation was more profound: 63% of the 1996 mangrove extent had been temporarily or permanently converted by 2016. Our EIN or tax ID is 45-3714703. Scientists consider that to be the fastest rate of mangrove deforestation in the world. Ugly, smelly, overlooked ... and a wonderland for environmental protection and people's livelihoods. Mangroves are adjacent to major landmasses and big rivers in Indonesia, and mostly found on the coasts of large islands of Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. Sasekumar, A. That's roughly 21% of the Earth’s entire mangrove population. Mangrove forests help reduce the impacts of storm surges, large waves, and high winds brought on by tropical cyclones. Below the water, mangrove forests serve as breeding and nursing grounds for fish and marine species. In T. Zawila-Niedzwiecki, & M. Brach (Eds. Every day, Mongabay reporters bring you news from nature’s frontline. UNEP. The objective of this paper was to summarize the impacts of both threats on forest structure, species composition, aboveground biomass and carbon reservoir, species introgressions, and benthic fauna populations by collating past and current data and by using an interdisciplinary approach in the Urabá Gulf (Colombia) as a case stud… In 1999, 350,000 ha (865,000 acres) of mangroves were cleared across the archipelago to make way for shrimp ponds — the highest rate of mangrove deforestation in the world, according to World Bank in 2003. The research team, led by Daniel Murdiyarso from the Centre for International Forestry Research, showed that mangroves in Indonesia stores 3.14 … Status and distribution of mangrove forests of the world using earth observation satellite data. In 1999, 350,000 ha (865,000 acres) of mangroves were cleared across the archipelago to make way for shrimp ponds — the highest rate of mangrove deforestation in the world, according to World Bank in 2003. By avoiding mangrove deforestation, Indonesia could reach a quarter of its emissions reduction target of 26 percent by 2020 (Murdiyarso et al., 2015). Mangrove forests support religious and spiritual values, as well as recreational and aesthetic values for ecotourism (UNEP, 2014). “Mangroves” is the name given to the tangled mix of trees and shrubs found in coastal waters across the tropics and subtropics. Ecological Economics, 10, 233-247. But the company was secretly slashing half of the bank loans meant for the farmers, leading to the decline of the entire operation. This equates to 0.05 million hectares (Mha) out of the total 0.84 Mha annual deforestation in Indonesia (Margono et al., 2014; Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia, 2014). A., Potapov, P. V., Turubanova, S., Stolle, F., & Hansen, M. C. (2014). This information helps inform and guide mangrove conservation, restoration and managed-use within the region. Operational control of the shrimp farms there previously fell under Jakarta-listed aquaculture company PT Central Proteina Prima, working under a partnership scheme with small-scale farmers. Fisheries experts have welcomed the government’s intention of boosting Indonesia’s aquaculture sector, but say the way to do it is through intensification — getting greater yields from the same area of fish and shrimp ponds — rather than increasing the number of such ponds. Above the water, the mangrove trees and canopy serve as a habitat for birds, insects, mammals and reptiles. CIFOR (the Centre for International Forestry Research) made a prominent use of Belgium in this infographic. Could sustainable logging save Indonesia’s mangroves? Mangroves: A global treasure under threat. If you value this objective and impact-driven journalism, please consider becoming a sustaining member. . . “But we don’t want to clear more land either [for shrimp farms] by clearing mangroves and such,” Alan said. … Vol.5, DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2734. Aquatic Botany, 89(2), 155-185. Mangroves are being converted for shrimp and fish ponds. . Kurnianto, S. (2015). Modelling economy-ecology linkages in mangroves: Economic evidence for promoting conservation in Bintuni Bay, Indonesia. Regional analysis revealed that agriculture expansion in mangrove forests occurred in all SEA countries. While Indonesia is a top global exporter of frozen seawater shrimps, the Southeast Asian country lags behind its neighbors in exports of freshwater shrimps and fresh, salted or smoked shrimps. Mangrove deforestation and degradation have been occurring at alarming rates. Indonesia, now recorded as the biggest producer of palm oil globally, use 16% of deforestation to open new palm fields. During low tide, the ground is a layer of dense mud, with soil containing high levels of organic materials (FAO, 2007). CIFOR advances human well-being, equity and environmental integrity by conducting innovative research, developing partners’ capacity, and actively engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders to inform policies and practices that affect forests and people. Unfortunately, it also suffers from the world’s fastest rates of mangrove destruction. Intangible benefits of mangrove ecosystems include social and cultural functions. The country has lost around 40% of its mangrove forests over a period of three decades. (2007). Margono, B. These two areas are also home to many indigenous groups and have special autonomous governance status and exceptional biodiversity. ), Forest Information from Remote Sensing FIRS conference on remote sensing and forest monitoring : proceedings Warsaw Agricultural University, Faculty of Forestry, June 1-3, 1999, Rogow, Poland / T. Zawila-Niedzwiecki and M. Brach (eds.). (2012) Estimating global “Blue Carbon” emissions from conversion and degradation of vegetated coastal ecosystems. Jakarta. One of the main challenges is the limited capacity of the existing shrimp ponds and infrastructure to boost yields, the minister said. Nature Climate Change. Duke, N. (2011). They are densely packed, with intertwined roots extending from the tree trunks. They are densely packed, with intertwined roots extending from the tree trunks. This accounts for 20 percent of land-use emissions in Indonesia (Murdiyarso et al., 2015) where emissions are estimated to be 700 million metric tonnes of CO2-eq (Ministry of Environment Republic of Indonesia, 2010). It has a prominent role in mitigating global climate change, and its Reviving Bumi Dipasena would also require introducing community-based management and phasing out top-down corporate control of the farms, according to experts. She called for improving road infrastructure and ensuring access to reliable electricity and clean water, both to boost logistics for the Bumi Dipasena shrimp producers and to help the thousands of families living in the area. FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. Rice, oil palm, and rubber expansion accounted for most conversion; however, our analysis revealed targeted systematic transitions of mangroves to water (presumably aquaculture) and built-up areas indicated emerging threats for mangroves from those … Forest News: A blog by the Center for International Forestry Research. Deforestation is a major national and international challenge. Indonesia's deforestation and environmental problems. (2014). “If the restoration program indeed takes place, then the shrimp fisheries in Dipasena would reach its optimum operation and could re-emerge as a top shrimp producer like it used be,” said Dedi Adhuri, a researcher at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI). This site is licensed under, http://theconversation.com/indonesias-vast-mangroves-are-a-treasure-worth-saving-39367, http://forestsnews.cifor.org/14229/could-sustainable-logging-save-indonesias-mangroves#.VZIkIlxTDhI, http://mangroveactionproject.org/endangered-species/, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). Shrimp farming has also drawn criticism for degrading the quality of freshwater available for communities living in the vicinity of the ponds. hbspt.cta.load(5981609, '6e487f3c-9666-4c8e-b87d-3111d3ccada2', {}); Mongabay is a reader-supported conservation and environmental science news service. FAO. Background and Objectives: Mangrove forest ecosystems grow in brackish water especially in areas exposed to accumulation of organic matter and tides. et al. Victor Hugo Luja Molina won the competition with an image titled Once Again Being a Mother, which shows a female jaguar in an intimate moment with her cub in a mangrove forest in Mexico. Mangrove forests are found in many parts of Indonesia, with regionally important mangrove ecosystems located in Papua, Kalimantan and Sumatra (FAO, 2007). and Mangrove Deforestation in Indonesia. Alongi, D. M. (2014). Shrimp farming is a major driver of the deforestation of mangroves, a crucial habitat for coastal marine life, in Indonesia. [JAKARTA] Conservation of Indonesia’s mangrove forests should be considered as a major strategy for global climate change mitigation, a new research says. Mangrove wood is sold for the paper pulp business, as well as for charcoal production, wood chips and firewood. Nature Climate Change. Indonesia is blessed with the largest area of mangrove forests in the world. Mangrove forests are found in many parts of Indonesia, with regionally important mangrove ecosystems located in Papua, Kalimantan and Sumatra (FAO, 2007). “Bumi Dipasena is the largest shrimp farm in Asia, maybe even in the world,” Susan said. Natural disasters are just among a slew of negative effects as a result of mangrove degradation, activists warned, as failure to prevent mangrove degradation also … Our biweekly podcast delivering news & inspiration from nature’s frontline. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Keywords: mangroves; dynamics; deforestation; hotspot; South Asia; Southeast Asia; Asia-Pacific 1. Mangrove Action Project. Mangroves are the main habitat for the endangered Proboscis Monkey, found in Indonesia and endemic to Borneo (Mangrove Action Project, 2015). . In urban areas they are destroyed for land reclamation for residential areas. Mangrove forests are the most carbon-dense forests in the tropics. Mangroves are ecologically important and extensive in the Neotropics, but they are visibly threatened by selective logging and conversion to pastures in the Southern Caribbean. Aquaculture expansion was noted in Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, Cambodia, and Vietnam. When we think of Indonesia, we tend to think of a tropical paradise: coconuts on white sandy beaches, lush forests, clear blue ocean, perfect surf waves, and world class diving. Zooming in, their study reveals that more methane was lost when mangrove … The northern province of Sumatra is particularly affected by deforestation. Armitage, D. (2002). hotspot, with secondary hotspots including Malaysia, Cambodia and Indonesia. “Expansion efforts would not fit with the current state of shrimp aquaculture in Indonesia,” said Susan Herawati, the general secretary of the People’s Coalition for Fisheries Justice, an NGO. Mangrove Action Project recently announced the winners of its 2020 Mangrove Photography Awards. Monitoring mangrove deforestation using optical and radar data : a case study from East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Retrieved 8 July, 2015, from http://statistik.kkp.go.id, Murdiyarso, D., Purbopuspito, J., Kauffman, J. Fishers use products from mangrove forests to make anchors for boats, joints for boat stabilizers, and dye for fishing nets (Armitage, 2002). Annual review of marine science, 6, 195-219. Mangroves provide a crucial defence against coastal erosion. The habitat function of mangroves for terrestrial and marine fauna: a review. “The fisheries ministry must be able to intensify the production of this site to fulfill demand.”. Endangered Specied Associated with Mangroves. Giri, C., Ochieng, E., Tieszen, L. L., Zhu, Z., Singh, A., Loveland, T., . B., Murdiyarso, D., Kurnianto, S., Stidham, M., & Kanninen, M. (2011). Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia. The potential of Indonesian mangrove forests for global climate change mitigation. Mangrove rehabilitation practices can actively restore carbon stocks and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from previous land uses. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20(1), 154-159. Local communities harvest shrimp, eel, clam, crab, sea snail and a variety of fish species from mangrove ecosystems, providing both income and food for families (Armitage, 2002). from http://mangroveactionproject.org/endangered-species/. 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