This is particularly the case in Ethiopia, one of the ancient nations located in the Horn of Africa. However, many introduced species are now spreading in the country and in the past decade more attention has been given to invasive taxa. ... it gets all the moisture it needs from grazing on plants. Medicinal plants are an important element of the health system of both human and animals in many counties. In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. 2003). Ethiopia is believed to be home for about 6,000 species of higher plants with approximately 10% endemism (Vivero et al., 2006). Welcome to the Center of Origin & Diversity, Ethiopia! The bark of the tree can be used to treat fever while the incense is a good depression reliever. It is widely cultivated for its fragrance and its flowers. Journal of Plant Studies; Vol. Despite the fact that the vegetation pattern and history of the Bale Mountains in Ethiopia were reconstructed using pollen, little is known about the former extent of Erica species. Frankincense. Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper @inproceedings{Shiferaw2018InvasiveAP, title={Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper}, author={Wakshum Shiferaw and S. Demissew and T. Bekele}, year={2018} } Ethiopia Celebrates International Day for Biological Diversity – 22 May. The study was conducted in five kebeles of the district, which were randomly selected. You can download the document below. The plant bears 1 to 5 pitted fruits that are drupe and open at maturity. Ethiopia boasts Africa’s only indigenous rose species – the Rosa abyssinica; an evergreen Rosaceae with white & creamy fragrant flowers and orange climbing hips, popular in the highlands and around Bale. The value of indigenous tree species in Ethiopia. Review ethno botanical lessons is a real and give confidence able in rich natural as well as biological reserve area for medical deposit recognition, credentials, position, protection and sustainable usage. There are four main species of Boswellia which can produce true Frankincense. Several plant species in Ethiopia have several uses including the making of honey and oil and for flavoring food. The present systematic review attempted to explore, synthesize and compile ethno-medicinal research evidence on anti-malarial medicinal plants in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is endowed with abundant medicinal plant resources and traditional medicinal practices. Systematic sampling method was used to collect vegetation data. It can also act as a barrier because of its thorny structure making it alternative to artificial fences. Ethiopia boasts an extremely diverse flora including more than 1,000 species of woody plants (125 of which are endemic) and 736 types of grass. Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper @inproceedings{Shiferaw2018InvasiveAP, title={Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper}, author={Wakshum Shiferaw and S. Demissew and T. Bekele}, year={2018} } Jasmine is native to tropical and subtropical regions with only one of the 200 species native to Europe. Invasive alien plant species in tiopia: ecoloical ipacts on iodiversit a revie paper 170 oprit: 201 iera et al Citation: Shiferaw W, Demissew S, Bekele T. Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper. A total of 42 quadrats each with 400 m2 (20 m X 20 m) were established along four lines transects for woody species and regenerations. Located at the site of the main landfill (Koshe) of the capital Addis Ababa is the first waste-to-energy power plant of Ethiopia, Reppie waste-to-energy plant. Each flower has about nine petals and is very fragrant. The ethnobotanical study on edible wild plants was carried out from May to December, 2001, in four districts of Ethiopia. Namely, these are Boswellia sacra, Boswellia frereana, Boswellia serrata, and Boswellia papyrifera. The ecological regions of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported by numerous species of plants. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such aspyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. However, there are threats to biodiversity by invasive alien plant species (IAPS). Firethorn reaches 6 meters when fully grown while the flowers are produced in late spring and early summer. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. Plant Species Found In Ethiopia WorldAtlas. Recently, a new tree specieshas been identified in the Ethiopian Somalli Region and has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more, The major horticultural plant species grown in Ethiopia are categorized in five groups: root and tuber crops, fruits and nuts, stimulant and beverage species, herbs and spices and wild-edible species…Read more, Eighty percent of the Ethiopian people depend on traditional medicine for their health care (Dawit and Ahadu, 1993), and more than 95% of traditional medicinal preparations in Ethiopia are made from plant origin (Dawit, 1986)…Read more, There are diversified pasture and forage resources adapted to different ecosystems of the country. Conservation, Sustainable Use & Access and Benefit Sharing, » Call for Accessing Genetic resources for benefit sharing. This study was conducted on Doshke forest in Chencha wereda, Gamo Gofa zone, South Ethiopia, with the objective of determining woody vegetation composition, structuren, and community types of woody plant species. Jasmine is either deciduous or evergreen and can either be climbing or spreading shrub. By Sharif Paget and Helen Regan, CNN. » Genesys: Genetic Resources Major Genebanks Holdings Information, Ethiopia is one of the major Vavilovian centers of origin/diversity for several domesticated crops and their wild and weedy relatives. They are closely related to the Mountain Nyala, except they are much smaller, standing only 35 inches in height on average. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. These include multi-purpose tree species (Acacia saligna, Acacia abyssinica, Grevillea robusta & Olea africana), fruit … Alpines and evergreen plants dominate the country’s flora. It will be an ICS power plant. The total number of woody species of Ethiopia is estimated to be 1017, out of which 29 tree species, 93 shrub species and 2 liana species are endemic. The resins produced contain boswellic acid which can treat asthma and several inflammatory conditions. Besides, field crops such as barley, sorghum, durum wheat, finger millet, faba bean, linseed, sesame, safflower, chickpea, lentil, cowpea, fenugreek and grass pea have wide genetic diversity in Ethiopia… Read more, The forest resources of the country were grouped in 5 categories, namely, natural closed forests, woodlands, bushlands, plantations and on-farm trees. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. The ecological regions of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported by numerous species of plants. Regardless of the number of species, if any of such claims could be verified scientifically, the potential significance for the improvement of the health care services would be substantial. Encroachment is excessive and undesirable increase in woody plant abundance resulting in the suppression of palatable grasses and herbs by encroaching woody species often unpalatable to domestic livestock. These little bushbucks are part of a sub-species found only in the Ethiopian highlands, and are very shy around humans. The lakes in the Great Rift Valley region abound with numerous species of birds, and wild animals are … Updated 12:25 AM ET, Tue July 30, 2019 (CNN)Ethiopia planted more than 353 million trees in … However, the development of botanic gardens and arboretums in Ethiopia has played a vital role in the conservation of many plant species. The Hagenia and Juniper forests have rapidly decreased due to human activities such as collecting firewood and land clearing. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. Only 13 species was used for veterinary purposes, or as human medicine (46). Ethiopia is known to be a centre of origin and diversity to a number of herbaceous legumes species in the genera: Trifolium, Vigna, and Lablab, among others..Read more. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. For information about how to use the Field Guide, click on the instructions button on your left. A personalized tree certificate to say thanks for your donation. Frankincense, which is obtained from plants in the Genus Boswellia, is known for its fragrant resin which has many medical uses, especially as an anti-inflammatory agent. Menilik Bushbucks. Int J Mol Biol Open Access. Apr 25, 2017 Ethiopia is endowed with a large variety of plant and animal species. 1; 2020 ISSN 1927-0461 E-ISSN 1927-047X Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education 34 Medicinal Plant Species Used to Treat Tonsillitis in Ethiopia: A Table 5: Dominant plant species, major genera and families in some of the Moist Evergreen Montane Evergreen Forests..... 83 Table 6: Location and area of some Moist Evergreen Montane Rainforest Ecosystem. At Bale and Simien massifs open habitat typical plants are – soft green guassa grass, ericaceous heathers and spectacular palm-like giant lobelias. Some of the plants of Ethiopia are looked at below. By John Misachi on April 25 2017 in Environment. It is a valuable ornamental plant grown in gardens for their beautiful flowers and fruits. The flowers have 4 to 5 imbricate sepals with equal, distinct petals. Similarly as it was reported by IBC (2005), the flora of Ethiopia consists of an estimated number of 6000 species of higher plants with 10-12% endemism. These species are represented in 104 families and 387 genera. Click on the four categories above to access the species listings of wild-food plants in Ethiopia, giving a general description and information on edible parts, preparation methods and palatability. They cause threats to biodiversity, economic and health problems in Ethiopia. All the collected woody plant species were identified in National Herbarium of Ethiopia. Unless otherwise indicated, the descriptions of the use of the medicinal plants relate to Ethiopian traditional herbal medicine practices. Ethiopia plants more than 350 million trees in 12 hours. Some of these species include Prosopis juliflora, Parthenium hysterophorus, Eichhornia crassipes, Lantana camara, and Acacia species… 'Western herbal medicine' refers to herbal medicine from the tradition of America and Europe. There are four main species of Boswellia which can produce true Frankincense. DOI: 10.15406/IJMBOA.2018.03.00072 Corpus ID: 49672499. We’ll also send you updates on our Ethiopia project, so you can track the impact your trees are having on the community and environment. It is an important primary and secondary gene pool for many field crop species that are useful sources of germplasm for economic traits in general and sources of genes resistance to diseases and pests in particular. Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. National Ecosystem Assessment Project Consultative and Orientation Meeting Underway. Frankincense has been used as Ayurvedic medicine. A subspecies called the Saudi gazelle is now currently extinct, so this one needs to be watched closely. The tree produces small white flowers and small, bright red berries that are bitter and astringent when raw. The country has rich flora with different plant species having medical importance in health care system based on local indigenous knowledge. harbouring more than 8000 plant species, with 24 percent endemic to the region (Friis et al. Ethiopia is endowed with a large variety of plant and animal species. Alpines and evergreen plants dominate the country’s flora. Medicinal Plant Diversity. The main objective of the present study is to identify unambiguous chemical proxies from plant-derived phenolic compounds to characterize Erica and other keystone species. DOI: 10.15406/IJMBOA.2018.03.00072 Corpus ID: 49672499. The animal is currently on the vulnerable list, with a total of 35,000-40,000 left in the wild. Some of the plants of Ethiopia are looked at below. Workshop on Evaluation and Implementation of Ethiopian National strategy and action plan for conservation and sustainable utilization of animal genetic resource conducts. It can also be grown indoors in a well-lit room with trellis to support its vigorous growth. It was believed that about 35% of the landmass of Ethiopia was once covered with closed forests. 4. The aim of this study was to investigate the structure, composition and diversity of plant species growing in homegarden agroforestry system in Bulen district, North-West Ethiopia. Invasive plants in Ethiopia have until recently received scant attention and only a few invasive species have been highlighted in the local literature. The Gamo people live in the highland area and primarily practice mixed agriculture and weaving. Plants and trees of Ethiopia face similar threats as plants found in other parts of the world. The fruits can be cooked to make jam and sauces. The major horticultural plant species grown in Ethiopia are categorized in five groups: root and tuber crops, fruits and nuts, stimulant and beverage species, herbs and spices and wild-edible species…Read more. Firethorn, Pyracantha coccinea, has been cultivated in gardens for over four centuries now. The sweet aroma of jasmine can be smelled mos strongly at night. Design and Development: Public Relations and Communication Directorate | Contact Webmaster by: East Africa Plant Genetic Resources Network, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants Project (CSMPP), Research Programme on Sustainable Use of Dryland Biodiversity [RPSUD], The International Day for Biological Diversity: IAS, Desert and Semi-Desert Scrubland Ecosystem, Dry Evergreen Montane Forest and Evergreen Scrub Ecosystem, Forest and Range land Plants Biodiversity, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Crop and Horticultural Biodiversity Directorate, Gender makes the difference in biodiversity, Call for Accessing Genetic resources for benefit sharing, Part one: Background and Definitions on ABS, Part four: follow up and compliance measure, Part five: exploration of genetic resources, Ethiopia Journal of Biodiversity (EthJBD). The consumption of wild plants seems more common and widespread in food insecure areas where a wide range of species are consumed. Voucher plant specimens were collected along with ethnobotanical information, … The different climatic and geological zones of Ethiopia provide different types of plant. ..... 85 Table 7 Major Characteristics of Lakes and Reservoirs.....86 Table 8. The region is not just rich in endemic species but also in native popul- ations of useful or economically important plants and their relatives (Harlan 1969, Tewolde Berhan 1991, Zohary 1970). The demand for human settlement and expansion of agricultural activities has led to the destruction of vital plants in Ethiopia. The list of Endemic plants of Ethiopia is produced and published here. The Institute is working to focus on distributing and disseminating valuable information on wild and in-water animals, which are known to be unique to the country. Ethiopia has prepared its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) 2015-2020. Namely, these are … DOI: 10.15406/ijmboa.2018.03.00072 The berries are mildly poisonous and can only be eaten when crushed and washed or cooked to make jellies. The revised current estimate of the closed forest cover of Ethiopia was 3.5%. … However, available research evidence on indigenous anti-malarial plants is highly fragmented in the country. The leaves are opposite or alternate while the flowers are typically round and white or yellow in color. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. Tree species are of particular importance in this region of low forest cover. Homegarden agroforestry system mostly constitutes complex multi-strata than other agroforestry systems. Studies show that 736 species of grasses, 358 species of legumes and 179 species of browse trees recorded so far in Ethiopia. The current area coverage of each category is not available. The species for several reasons is notoriously invading the Borana rangelands and emerging as an indigenous invasive woody plant in the southern region of Ethiopia [46,47]. You can download the documents below. Recently, there are about 35 IAPS in Ethiopia. 9, No. Eighty percent of the Ethiopian people depend on traditional medicine for their health care (Dawit and Ahadu, 1993), and more than 95% of traditional … Firethorn is also a good shrub for animals and provides a good roosting and nesting cover for birds. Our partners will plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging impact. The annual meeting of the National Committee of Man and Biosphere Reserve (MAB). Jasmine, which are plants that are members of the Genus Jasminum, is a variety of shrubs and vines containing around 200 species. Jasmine produces berry fruits that turn black when ripe. 2018;3(4):169‒176. Common plants such as coriander, myrrh, cardamom, chat and caraway also populate Ethiopia’s diverse landscapes. The power plant operates with a 110 MW th boiler that is designed to deliver sufficient steam … Frankincense is a moderate growing flowering plant native to the tropical regions of Africa and Asia. and use of medicinal plant species by traditional healers was investigated in Daamot Pulasa, Damot Woyde, Humbo and Sodo Zuria, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia from May, 2012 to September, 2012. The Oromo in Bale had names/uses for 294 species in comparison to 230 species documented in the lower reaches of the Bale area. Frankincense, which is obtained from plants in the Genus Boswellia, is known for its fragrant resin which has many medical uses, especially as an anti-inflammatory agent. The study areas included the rural and semiurban settings of Alamata, Cheha, Goma, and Yilmana Denssa districts of Tigray, Southern Peoples, Oromiya, and Amhara regional states, respectively. Wild-food Plants in Southern Ethiopia: ... fruits from Ficus spp, Carissa edulis and Rosa abyssinica plant species. Floristically the country is rich with more than 6500 vascular plant species. Ethiopia has great geographic diversity and climatic variability.This has created diverse and suitable ecosystems, which are home to large number of flora, fauna and microbial species. This paper reports on the plant use of laypeople of the Oromo in Southern Ethiopia. Ethiopia is a primary gene center for field crops such as noug (Guizotia abyssinica), tef (Eragrostis tef) and the Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata). Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. The cactus plants grow in the highland areas. In the indigenous health care delivery system of Ethiopia, numerous plant species are used to treat diseases of infectious origin. Here is a list of 15 endangered species in Ethiopia that are in need of conservation. 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