The fibre found in forages is digested by the microbial population of the hindgut to produce energy for the horse. ALFALFA / LUCERNE PELLETS – HIGH PROTEIN SOURCE FOR MODERN FARMING. In general the calcium content of lucerne is in excess of the requirement of most horses, but if fed in small quantities will not increase the amount of calcium in the diet to excessive levels. by Fmeaddons. High-temperature dried and dust-extracted to retain nutrients and eliminate mold, this chopped forage feed makes it an ideal all-around hay replacement, fiber supplement, and grain complement.
In this respect it is similar to Clovers and has the potential to upset the cycling of mares and cause other reproductive problems. We have only the highest-quality clover, so your horses/cattle/garden will love it! growing to bacon weight of 200 lb. If you are fortunate enough to have a choice of forages, the decision of which type to feed should be based on what you are trying to achieve with the horse. However, if the diet was poor in protein and calcium – and a horse only on Oaten hay or chaff would most likely be deficient in protein and calcium, then a small quantity of Lucerne is brilliant. Many other feeds become available during drought, including many types of low quality roughages such as crop stubbles. The experiment was made to determine to what extent young lucerne can replace animal protein concentrates. The smell of the urine can be very strong because of the excess ammonia produced during the breakdown of protein and this may be irritating to the lungs of the horse or caretakers in the stable. Alfalfa hay is used primarily for dairy cattle which provides an ideal combination of crude proteins, fats, sugars, fibers, as well as essential minerals. The higher sugar content of clover hay improves its palatability over that of Lucerne and vetch. They both have a high crude protein (CP) source and low to average sugar content in the form of water soluble carbohydrates (WSC). Required fields are marked *, Tips For A Profitable Hay Season 17-18 Edition. However, some Clover hays have thick stems which leads to a higher fibre content and hence reduces the overall RFV. Horse owners can manipulate the amount of energy they are supplying the horse with the use of different forages. There are some differences between lucerne (alfalfa) and grass hay or oat chaff, but they all serve the same purpose of being vital fibre sources for horses. Lucerne may have anywhere from 16 to 20% protein, while grass may only have 4 to 12% protein, depending on the quality of the hay. Clover hay on the other hand generally tends to have a lower CP content but is supplemented by a higher WSC content which helps to bump up the ME. Legumes are higher in calcium than grass forages. When compared to lucerne cut at the same level of maturity as oat hay, oat hay is lower in crude protein and lower in digestible energy. In general, the protein in lucerne is in excess of the requirement of the horse, and grass hay or oat chaff may be just right or too low to meet the requirement. This can be an advantage or a disadvantage depending on the other ingredients in the diet. Because the hay is so rich in many essential elements, lucerne hay makes terrific mulch. Different protein content and; drying method. In general, the protein in lucerne is in excess of the requirement of the horse, and grass hay or oat chaff may be just right or too low to meet the requirement. If lucerne hay is made too dry, it is likely that a lot of the leaf material has shattered during baling and handling. We offer many grades of lUCERNE & Alfalfa Hay. Where, in the past, the quality of lucerne had been graded according to the protein content, nowadays grading is increasingly based on digestibility; in other words, the availability of nutrients in the hay. As you can see, Lucerne and Vetch hay are very similar nutritionally. Lucerne is a legume, grown worldwide and native to Iran, and is used primarily as forage for cattle and horses due to its high nutritional value and digestibility. Alfalfa (known as lucerne in Australia & New Zealand), is a rich source of protein, energy, and many other vitamins and minerals. R50 ; Published date: September 11, 2018 ; Modified date: September 16, 2018 ; Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa; Lucerne small square bales Top Quality, 2nd cut off Irrigation Green & leafy Suit all livestock, horses & Race horses Full truck loading available Delivery available in loads of 250 bales. Specifications. Lucerne that is harvested at the right time and handled carefully after harvesting will have a lot of very digestible leaves with some stem, and thus it is very high in energy. Protein-rich supplements, such as lupins or soybean meal, can be added to increase protein content of the feed. However, early cut oat and wheat chaff or hay can contain a lot of sugar, which makes them very palatable and increases the energy content. Looking at oat chaff, it is obvious that there is almost no leaf to be found and almost all stem. Lucerne may have anywhere from 16 to 20% protein, while grass hay may only have 4-12% protein, depending on the quality of the hay. This may be particularly important for the young, growing horse or lactating mare, in which a deficiency in protein will limit growth or milk production. Being awesome feed source, it will provide with energy and nutrition for proper lactation. It is rich in the essential amino acid lysine and in calcium, and low in phosphorus. Good quality alfalfa hay contains more protein and energy than grass or cereal hays and chaffs (Figure 1). Our Prime Lucerne is sourced from speacialist lucerne growers. Your email address will not be published. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. The partial or entire substitution of the proteins of good quality lucerne meal for those of white fishmeal was largely successful for pigs of 60 lb. Calcium and phosphorus are strongly linked in their functions in the body. Obtaining lucerne hay with a moisture content low enough to prevent mould sporulation in storage was always a … Figure 1: A comparison of the digestible energy (DE), crude protein (CP), calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P) and magnesium content of early bloom lucerne hay, grass hay and oaten chaff. Therefore the baling process and the growth of the crop will greatly affect the nutrient content and quality of the hay. If lucerne hay is made too moist it is apt to go mouldy and become degraded by microbial action causing hot temperatures. Horses eating large amounts of lucerne will have thicker, chalky, whitish urine because it is full of calcium. Looking carefully at grass hay, the amount of leaf to stalk (stem) will dictate the quality of the hay and its energy content. The higher the percentage digestible fibre and the lower the indigestible fibre, the more energy there is in that forage. If you are feeding poor-quality forage, you may need to increase the protein content of the diet. The protein content of lucerne has no value if it is not available to the animal. It ferments quickly and has a wide mineral profile while providing the fibre required for rumen health and butterfat synthesis in milk. Lucerne hay can be feed to provide good quality protein which contains the essentail amino acid lysine, and is also a good source of fibre. Lucerne also increases organic matter for improved soil structure and puts nitrogen but into the soil, making it a perfect garden mulch. The major differences between a grass type forage (including oat and wheat chaff) and a legume (lucerne and clover) are energy, protein, and calcium content. Your email address will not be published. They both have a high crude protein (CP) source and low to average sugar content in the form of water soluble carbohydrates (WSC). During the time when the microbial population is trying to adjust to the legume, it may produce more gas or not digest the forage well. It is also hight in potassium and extremely low in sodium. You might have wondered over the years what the differences are between these different types of protein hay and which one you should really be feeding to your stock. Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. For example, sorghum stubble is typically found as round bales weighing 250 kg and priced from $70 per bale. Each cut has a slightly different leaf: stem ratio and hence if you are looking for a stalkier hay with a higher fibre content you would opt for a first cut of hay. Excess calcium is disposed of by the kidneys through the urine. This is true for straight grains but commercial mixes usually have added calcium and are already balanced for calcium and phosphorus. Alfalfa hay, Medicago sativa, also known as Lucerne grass, Clover is one of the most important forage crops cultivated agriculture. Lucerne hay has high protein and carbohydrate concentrations that contains more energy than grass or cereal hays and chaffs. Adding some lucerne will bring the total amount of protein up and improve the quality of the diet. Remember that different growing seasons can affect the nutritional values of your hay so it is always a good idea to get your hay feed tested so that you know exactly what is in it. Use: Cattle, Chicken, Dog, Horse, Pig, Cow, Fish, Camel Lucerne the wonder fodder Whether it is fresh cut or grazed or made into silage or hay, well managed lucerne has excellent energy and protein levels to sustain good… This message is only visible to admins: Indigestible fibre does serve a purpose in the horse, as it keeps the digesta moving through the digestive tract, like a laxative, which is also important for the health of the horse. Here are some lucerne mulch benefits you can expect when using lucerne mulch in your garden: The Lucerne plant's stage of maturity when cut, its weathering and handling during harvest/drying and the length of time it is stored prior to being fed will all affect Lucerne hay's energy, protein, vitamin and mineral content. Whereas, if you were looking for a higher protein content you would opt from a later cut with a higher volume of foliage. It quickly passes out of the rumen, allowing a greater intake of forage than many other species. Lucerne hay (Medicago sativa), a clover-like plant belonging to the pea family, is grown as livestock feed in countries around the world. Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. All Rights Reserved. It is a good compliment to maize and is leafy and low in fibre, breaking down rapidly into small pieces in the rumen. There tends to be more digestible fibre in the leafy portion of the plant and more indigestible fibre in the stem. Lucerne hay can also be fed to beef or dairy cattle with spectacular results. Premium quality clover hay for sale, packaged into compact bales. The seeds for lucerne fields are well selected non-GMO varieties. Feed Central National Hay Market Report November 2020, 10775 Warrego Highway Charlton / Toowoomba, QLD 4350. Lucerne can also be used as a special-purpose pasture to finish prime lambs and beef cattle in late spring and summer, when other pasture species are low in protein and may have dried off. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. The protein content of legumes (lucerne/alfalfa and clover) is much higher than that of grass forages. Bale weight 2530kg +/5%; size 40x40x80 cm; Protein 1518%/20 25%; Grade A; Origin UK; Fibers 16%; Moisture 1013%; Color 85% green; Drying Sundry/ Machinedry; Packaging small Bales or as per buyers request ; Share. Feeding Lucerne, Vetch or Clover hay can be a great protein source addition to your livestock’s diet. So, forage with more leaf and less stem will provide the horse more digestible energy. At 20% protein, lucerne is an attractive feed. Fields are tested to select best alfalfa varieties and ensure good quality alfalfa for cutting and drying. A further specialist use is for drying when it is made into high protein meal or pellets. This hay is packaged into Compact Bales. Another circumstance where the calcium from lucerne is valuable is for horses grazing high oxalate tropical pastures. Growth was measurably retarded, but the final product was satisfactory. Thus, when including Lucerne hay in a horse's diet, it is important to assess the Lucerne's stage of maturity and quality, before feeding it. The feed value of Lucerne hay is demonstrated in work by Herselman and Smith who demonstrated the practical importance of energy requirements in non-grazing systems such as feeding schemes in kraals to overcome serious droughts. Grains or grain byproducts are very high in phosphorus, so a diet with a high grain or byproduct content may adversely affect the calcium:phosphorus balance. Ask for quote. Although the ME value is usually lower in hay then grain, it still provides an easily digestible protein source. Lucerne Hay. Protein hay can be a great alternative to feeding hay. Out of stock. Lucerne Hay 23.5 Protein. Good lucerne hay will have a protein content in the region of 25%. Four cuts are taken annually, with a fully established crop typically yielding 11t DM/ha (4.5t/acre) at 20-25% protein. The traditional role of lucerne in NSW is as a hay crop, with at least 406 000 t produced annually (1998–99). But too much indigestible fibre increases the risk of impaction colic and reduces the energy supplied by the hay. An oats/lucerne mix is much richer and higher in protein, but great for growing horses and brood mares. SKU: lhcb-1-1 Category: Uncategorized. There are many horses around the world that do very well on lucerne as the only source of forage because of the unavailability of any other type. Hi-Fiber is a measured blend of timothy, oat, and alfalfa hay blended with molasses. Our Lucerne hay is perfect for horses needing high amounts of protein and calcium including lactating mares, high performance thoroughbreds, long distance 'enduro' horses, dressage and show jumping horses, really any horse in high work needing to maintain condition. A word of caution about making changes in the fibre sources of the horse: The microbial population in the large intestine is very sensitive to changes in the different fibre types and takes some time to adjust to a new type of forage. It’s about feeding a balanced diet for the horse and the choice of hay or chaff to feed will vary according to your individual circumstances. Premium Lucerne Hay in Compact Bales. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Lucerne (also known as alfalfa) is grown throughout Australia, for use as a green fodder crop for pasture or for conservation as hay, silage or as a dried ground product. Note 3: With cold wet weather maintenance feed levels increase and decrease to normal requirements as it becomes warmer. It also works well as bedding, just as straw does. After multiple visits to different farms accross two states, samples are taken back to the warehouse and viewed by Steve Hambly who has 37 years experience with hay. Dried lucerne pellets have a high carotene content, are high in energy and with a protein of up to 20% are a valuable feed for cattle, sheep and young stock. Kikuyu is a common high-oxalate grass in tropical areas, but a number of other grasses can lead to this problem. One of the biggest shocks for the microbes is going from grass to legume hay. Some of the drawbacks of using protein for energy are cost, increased thirst, and urination. Most of the energy and protein is located in the leaf, so the nutritional value of the bale will be reduced. The main difference between the two is that the metabolisable energy (ME) of Lucerne hay tends to be slightly higher then Vetch hay. The protein in Alfalfa hay is very digestible and could be cleared rapidly out of the rumen to increase intake ability. Oxalates bind calcium and reduce its digestibility, thus creating calcium deficiency that can lead to bone weakness and nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism (also known as “big head”). At these prices lucerne hay is more than twice as expensive to feed as wheat, even though the cost per tonne is only 50% dearer than wheat. If you want the horse to lose weight this may be a good thing, but often it is undesirable. Making any changes in the forage portion of the diet should be done gradually. As you can see, Lucerne and Vetch hay are very similar nutritionally. Under such conditions … Excess protein in the diet can be broken down to be used for energy. Alfalfa hay is used primarily for dairy cattle which provides an ideal combination of crude proteins, fats, sugars, fibers, as well as essential minerals. There are forms of digestible fibre and indigestible fibre found in any plant. The leaves are the part of highest nutritive value but can be easily lost during the hay making process. Lucerne hay is commonly included in the diets of lactating dairy cows as it is a rich source of protein and energy. 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