[For] pig-iron [For] the sake of argument [You're] on the pig's back. In the 1940 elections he survived as PM with the support of two elected independent politicians. COPYING AND DISTRIBUTING ARE PROHIBITED WITHOUT THE PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER Welcome to Fastmarkets MB now incorporating Steel First. This resulted in refusal by the waterside workers, and as no other ship work was called, thus effectively a lockout eventuated for all ships then at Port Kembla. [18], In 2015 a feature-length film documentary was released called The Dalfram Dispute, 1938: Pig Iron Bob.[19]. The Japan Steel Works was producing military materials for the undeclared war in China.[2]. After their successful protest they returned to the ship only when they were promised disembarkation at Singapore. He told the men of the destination of the pig iron and the use of the pig iron in the use of weapons – first to be used against the Chinese and they feared that eventually - … Cheap batteries, for example, "don't last pissin' time." Modern blast furnaces produce more than 10,000 tonnes per day. The impurities of pig iron are removed to some extent by oxidation. In October 1937 Sydney waterside workers walked off the Tamon Maru when they learned that scrap iron was on board and destined for Japan. Bill Hobbin, a former Methodist minister, and Stan Moran, the well-known wharfie and communist Domain orator. The Japan Steel Works was producing military materials for the undeclared war in China. Even the Indian seamen on board the Dalfram refused to move the ship to another berth where non union labour could be employed. Talkback: 1300 800 222SMS: 0467 922 702(SMS standard costs apply), The story behind how Robert Menzies become "Pig Iron Bob", Monday night travel: Australia's North West, Download The story behind how Robert Menzies become "Pig Iron Bob" (5.93 MB). Here’s what how Wikipedia introduced Pig Iron Bob Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, KT, AK, CH, PC, QC, FAA, FRS (20 December 1894 – 15 May 1978), was an Australian politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1939 to 1941 and again from 1949 to 1966. About the film. In Newcastle during October 1937 Chinese crew deserted the British steamer, SS Silksworth, in protest against the Japanese seizure of all major seaports in China. He was due to meet with union officials across the road but the large crowd initially prevented him. On November 15, 1938 the steamship Dalfram berthed at No. [2], It was during the Dalfram Dispute that the title "Pig Iron Bob" was coined in reference to the then Attorney General Robert Menzies. Critics of Menzies dubbed him "Pig Iron Bob" because he fought with workers refusing to load iron ore bound for Japan to help them make weapons in the war against China. In November 1938 wharf labourers, members of the Waterside Workers' Federation of Australia, refused to load pig iron onto the steamship SS Dalfram headed for Japan. [2], On 17 December BHP laid off 4000 men claiming that the Dalfram dispute was responsible for bringing everything to a standstill. [You've] got it made. Custom tools as well as cultivators, weeders, trowels and many other garden tools are made in Oregon by blacksmiths Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, KT, AK, CH, QC, FAA, FRS , was an Australian politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1939 to 1941 and again from 1949 to 1966. In this context the term “pig iron” is so… Ambassador Ma Zhaoxu at the "Jewish Refugees and Shanghai" Exhibition in Canberra", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1938_Dalfram_dispute&oldid=966579199, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 July 2020, at 22:25. Local union official Ted Roach claimed[15] that the epithet was first used by Mrs. Gwendoline Croft, a member of the local women’s relief committee. For the sake of balance, let’s say one thing for Pig-Iron Bob. The day after the workers at Port Kembla capitulated Billy Hughes delivered a vitriolic speech attacking Japanese militarism and its threat to Australia. With David Field, Morrison James, Rob Sheens, Susan Ling Young. In 1938 while Robert Menzies (1894-1978) was Attorney General, he was given the nickname of “Pig Iron Bob” due to an industrial dispute [the Dalfram Dispute] with wharf workers who refused to load ships with scrap iron being sold to Japan, believing it would be used to make weapons to attack Australia. [3][4] Trade unions and many workers argued that the pig iron would be used in bombs and munitions in the invasion of China and articulated that they may also be used against Australia. The rich want to cut conditions Pissin' time : The duration that something that doesn't last very long doesn't last. The Pig-Iron Song a song by Clem Parkinson©1964 Clem Parkinson Did you ever stop to wonder why the fellows on the job Refer to Robert Menzies by the nickname Pig-Iron Bob? Red Pig Garden Tools ™ over 30 years of designing and producing hand forged garden tools that will last for years. [16], On 24 January, Jim Healy met with Government representatives and received an unofficial assurance that no more pig-iron would be shipped to Japan, although it is debated to whether this was actually the case or that some shipments of scrap metal and pig iron were made. 1938. pig iron bob. A. Lyons, Prime Minister, to Mr Torao Wakamatsu, Japanese Consul-General in Sydney", "Prime Ministerial Press Release, Canberra", "finalists in the 15th Screen Producers Australia Awards", "Remember the Past and Work Together for Peace--Address by H.E. Fremantle waterside workers refused to load supplies on a Japanese whaling vessel in September 1937. [2], On 21 January 1939 after 10 weeks and two days on strike the waterside workers at Port Kembla decided to load the pig iron "under protest". The Dalfram dispute of 1938 (15 November 1938 to 21 January 1939) was a political industrial dispute at Port Kembla, New South Wales, protesting the export of pig iron from Australia to Japan. He met with an angry crowd where the main picture of this website was taken and a lady screamed out Pig Iron Bob, which lasted him an eternity. A. Lyons, Prime Minister, to Mr Torao Wakamatsu, Japanese Consul-General in Sydney", "203 Mr J. the dalfram dispute. [2], Attorney-General Menzies made an attempt to settle the dispute by calling a meeting with the Combined Union Committee at Wollongong for 11 January 1939. That steel came back as bullets, bombs and shells aimed at Aussie diggers Pig Iron Bob. Find us on the ABC listen app, or via iTunes, RSS and other podcast apps. [17], In December 2006 the Illawarra Branch of the Society for the Study of Labour History erected a Plaque to commemorate the dispute, located near the Number 4 Jetty at Port Kembla where the Dalfram docked. He accused the union of dictating foreign policy, and argued that the elected government had the sole right to decide goods to be traded and what relationships were to be established with foreign powers. Tony Stephens, ‘Pig Iron Memories Bob Back Up’, Sydney Morning Herald, 17 July 1993. The documentary was shortlisted for the 2015 NSW Premier’s Multimedia History Prize. It gave us information on how brave and determined the workers were and how much they cared about not only the Australian population, but the innocent Chinese civilians who may be murdered with that very same Australian scrap iron. They were opposed to the sale of pig iron to Japan. The decision to force the loading of scrap iron to Japan was a unanimous one, but only Menzies was stuck with the nickname. The ship was chartered by Mitsui to supply the Japan Steel Works Ltd in Kobe, a part of a contract for 300,000 tons of pig-iron. Pig Iron Bob - A covers band local to central west NSW that has been much loved and respected since it... Jump to From the Labor side, Bill Shorten made the best speech he has … [2], The Lyons Government policy of appeasement of Japanese military aggression and opposition to the trade union bans on trade with Japan were not entirely unanimous. He had signed a contract with Japan to supply them with pig iron for making bullets for use in the Second World War. Just like it sounds. In the weeks following his visit, the port employees reluctantly returned to work and the Dalfram became the last … In the meantime he was given the name ‘Pig Iron Bob’ for he’d battled the waterside workers during 1938 who refused to load scrap iron for Japan. Ted Roach, Branch Secretary, addressed the men at the labour pick up for the Dalfram. Why is it an important story? 172 likes. Mark Adams, Matty Lane, Doug Rowe, Simon Morris That day the Transport Workers’ Act was applied at Port Kembla. When the nature of the cargo and its destination were confirmed,[12] a walk-off eventuated around 11am. Other bans were applied in Port Adelaide, Hobart and Brisbane. In May 1938 the Joseph Lyons Government announced the embargo of iron ore from Yampi Sound in Western Australia to Japan, citing that there were only limited quantities that were needed for local production. You've heard the nickname, now know the story. On November 15, 1938 the steamship Dalfram berthed at No. Plonker : Not a compliment. [20][21], In July 2015 H.E. He went down to Port Kembla in the heat of the dispute to face the strikers and their families. "Pig iron Bob" the Labor party called him because he was selling scrap metal to the Japanese so they could build terrifying weapons for the war they knew was coming. [14], Menzies met with WWF leader Jim Healy on 7 December. [2], The dispute brought together the Illawarra labour movement and elements of Sydney's Chinese immigrant community and contributed in a small way to the breakdown of the White Australia policy. But it was the coercive conditions of the Transport Workers Act 1928, better known by the workers as the Dog Collar Act, that motivated caution in industrial action by the union movement of the time. Other union organisations were quick to support the Port Kembla waterside workers, including the Illawarra Trades and Labour Council, Sydney Labour Council, the Federated Ironworkers' Association, Federated Engine Drivers' and Firemen's Association, and the Australian Workers Union. Attorney General at the time, Bob Menzies, was given the nickname Pig Iron Bob during the dispute and it lasted his lifetime. [6][7] During 1937 the slogan ’No Scrap for the Jap’ started appearing on wharves and union offices around Australia.[2]. Pig Iron Bob After hundreds of hours of planning, filming and post-production, local historical documentary Pig Iron Bob will be released. Directed by Sandra Pires. Now we have Submarine Tony. Composition of cast iron: Cast iron contains about 2 to 4 percent of carbon. Pig-Iron Bob I found The Dalfram Dispute 1938: Pig-Iron Bob, very interesting and informative. Sandra Pires, Director: The Dalfram Dispute 1938: Pig Iron Bob Pig Iron to Yellow Cake A poem by John Tomlinson ©John Tomlinson 2006 From Pig Iron Bob to Yellow Cake John the story's been the same it's the rich who take the profits and the poor who end up lame. They believed the pig iron being loaded was destined… On November 15th 1938, 180 men on the Port Kembla wharves stopped loading scrap iron on one ship, the Dalfram. The arrival of the British tramp steamer Dalfram, which berthed at No. The Dalfram dispute of 1938 (15 November 1938 to 21 January 1939) was a political industrial dispute at Port Kembla, New South Wales, protesting the export of pig iron from Australia to Japan during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Waterside Workers' Federation of Australia, "The 1938 Dalfram Pig-iron Dispute and Wharfies Leader, Ted Roach", "2001 ASSLH conference – Chinese seamen and Australian labour: The mass desertion from the, "Dalfram dispute: life lessons from the past", "197 Mr J. Contributors to the documentary included historians Stuart Macintyre, Les Louis, Glenn Mitchell, Drew Cottle, Greg Mallory and curator of the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Zhu ChengShan. Pig Iron Bob Finds a further use for Scrap Iron: Barbed Wire for his Cold War Concentration Camps Les Louis During the Cold War in Australia in the early 1950s, the Left alleged that the “Fascist” Menzies Government intended to silence its opponents in concentration camps – a charge that has been dismissed as typical communist paranoia. 1938-9 and Pig Iron Bob Menzies earned his nickname by making waterside workers unemployed because they refused to load a cargo of pig-iron for Japanese steelworks, where it was used for Japan's massive military re-armamanet in preparation for war. [2], Menzies met with the Mayor and dignitaries in the Wollongong Hotel. The Australian Council of Trade Unions in October 1937 called for a boycott of Japanese goods and an embargo on the export of iron to Japan in response to the Japanese aggression. [5], Attorney General Robert Menzies first threatened use of the Transport Workers Act on 28 November 1938. The strike was the inspiration for the Australian Labour song Pig Iron Bob. Chorus We wouldn't load pig-iron for the fascists of Japan For general information about merchant pig iron, please visit the pig iron page. The next day at pick up time the Dalfram was the first ship called to be worked. [9][10] There were no moves to stop the export of pig iron and scrap metal to Japan.[11]. [5], The Dalfram wasn't the first protest against Japanese militarism. Union members thus cleared a path through the crowd for Menzies to walk to the meeting with officials. The ship was chartered by Mitsui to supply the Japan Steel Works Ltd in Kobe, a part of a contract for 300,000 tons of pig-iron. He is Australia's longest-serving prime minister, serving over 18 years in total. [2], The dispute dragged on for 10 weeks and 2 days and received financial support from around Australia, particularly from the Australian Labour movement, but also from Chinese immigrant community in Sydney who supplied truckloads of produce to help the families of the striking workers. 436 likes. [8], The dispute highlighted a clear contradiction in Australian Foreign policy towards Japanese military expansion and aggression. [5] It was later picked up by the Rev. [2][5], Much more significantly, it heralded a rising militancy in Australia by the Waterside' Workers Federation and the union movement as World War II was about to unfold. The police inspector present asked local union official Ted Roach if he could organise safe passage through the crowd. The blast furnace is a counter-current gas/solids reactor in which the descending column of burden materials [coke, iron ore and fluxes/additives] reacts with the ascending hot gases. It became famous for providing the nickname of Pig Iron Bob to Attorney General Robert Menzies, who later became the Australian Prime Minister. Pig Iron Bob - Covers Band - Reforged. There was immediate support from other unions for the strike action and the wharves were declared black. (Rowan Cahill’s biography of Rupert Lockwood is now on line.) 4 jetty in Port Kembla on 15 November 1938, ignited the dispute. [1][2], In November 1938 wharf labourers, members of the Waterside Workers' Federation of Australia, refused to load pig iron onto the steamship SS Dalfram headed for Japan. Global Pig iron news, Pig iron prices and expert analysis. The real political results of this struggle, I believe, have been played down somewhat by the historians. It's a fascinating tale though it happened long ago It's a part of our tradition every worker ought to know. For 11 weeks, despite Government and industry pressure, they could not be persuaded to load the ship. Pig iron is the product of smelting iron ore (also ilmenite) with a high-carbon fuel and reductant such as coke, usually with limestone as a flux. He played a central role in the creation of the Liberal Party of Australia, defining its policies and its broad outreach. The Dalfram dispute of 1938 (15 November 1938 to 21 January 1939) was a political industrial dispute at Port Kembla, New South Wales, protesting the export of pig iron from Australia to Japan. It became famous for providing the nickname of Pig Iron Bob to Attorney General Robert Menzies, who later became the Australian Prime Minister Charcoal and anthracite are also used as fuel and reductant.Pig iron is produced by smelting or iron ore in blast furnaces or by smelting ilmenite in electric furnaces.The vast majority of pig iron is produced and consumed within integrated steel mill complexes. It became famous for providing the nickname of Pig Iron Bob to Attorney General Robert Menzies, later to serve as Prime Minister. Workers responded by little demonstrations along the small coal mining villages along the coast and over 1000 people in Wollongong. They knew pig iron – a type of steel ‐ from Port Kembla was being turned into bullets and bombs as Japan. Her Excellency Madam Fu Yng, the Chinese Ambassador, unveiled the Plaque. 4 jetty Port Kembla to load pig iron for Kobe, Japan. Against Fascism and War: Pig Iron Bob and the Dalfram Dispute - Port Kembla 1938 Abstract The 1938 Dalfram dispute involved workers at Port Kembla refusing to load pig iron on a ship bound for Japan and to be made use of in its agression against China and other countries in the region. Pig Iron Bob. All Steel First prices, news and market analysis can be found here on www.metalbulletin.com. On the 11th of January 1939, Robert Menzies came to Wollongong to sort out the dispute. [2], A union song to commemorate the dispute was composed by Clem Parkinson in 1964 titled The Pig-Iron Song. Ambassador Ma Zhaoxu of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Australia highlighted the Dalfram dispute as a remembered moment in the relationship between Australian and Chinese people when they stood together for common cause.[22]. Blast Furnace Process. Abstract The Pig Iron dispute occurred almost fifty-five years ago. During a protest in Wollongong he was dubbed "Pig Iron Bob", a nickname that stuck throughout his political career and during his time as Prime Minister. Ben and I went to the launch of the documentary by Sandra Pires about the Dalfram Dispute of 1938, which is called Pig Iron Bob after the resident Minister for Trade & Attorney General in the Liberal government, Bob Menzies. Only one licence was taken out and that was publicly burned in front of Customs House. It was an event that will go down in the annals of national and international history. [13], Support for the strike by Waterside Workers' Federation Federal officials and the Federal Labor Party has been categorised as lukewarm by historians. A crowd protests outside Wollongong Hotel on January 11, 1939, while Prime Minister Bob Menzies had lunch. Pig Iron Bob and Ming the Merciless This 1938 cartoon by Will Mahony tarnishes not only Menzies, but the entire Lyons Cabinet, with the ‘Pig Iron’ epithet. That month the Waterside Workers' Federation were successful in getting support from the ACTU in organising an embargo or boycott of Japanese imports and exports. Sanctuary was given to the Chinese seamen by labour activists. The molten cast iron is led into moulds of required shapes to form what are known as cast iron castings and slag is removed from the top of cast iron at regular intervals. In early 1941, Menzies resigned and Arthur Fadden took over as Prime Minister. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. [2], Melbourne waterside workers refused to load scrap iron on to a German ship in May 1938. Watch The Dalfram Dispute 1938: Pig Iron Bob Online | Vimeo On Demand on Vimeo This was a dispute where local decision making was essentially driving the action, with support among more leftwing unionists around Australia. External Affairs minister Billy Hughes appears to have attempted to undermine the government policy according to at least one historian, who conjectures this may have been due to Hughes' past links with the Waterside Workers' Federation, being the first President of the union in 1902. It was also a finalist in the 15th Screen Producers Association of Australia Awards for feature documentary. Tycoons own the mining shares they own the rich ore lode the poor just labour in the mines and tramp the dusty road. 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